of sea have always attracted the attention of human being. Human
kind have been searching for decades to find an answer to the
questions like what was going on down there or what kind of
creatures have been living in depths of the sea. Still these
questions remain unanswered. It was estimated that curiousity
about depths have begun in ancient Anatolia. Air sacs made by
skin of goats or bells including air compartments have been
utilized among pioneering divers in ancient times. During the
second world war (between 1942 and 1943) Jacques Cousteau and
Emile Gagnan have invented Aqualung after a collaborative work.
These equipment have reached to date without radical changes.
Today, most often used diving equipment have been classified
as diving clothes, buoyancy control device and diving tubes
including compressed air that has been used for respiration.
Although it has been determined to be 42 meters depth at most
for sportive divings, the maximum diving depth was limited to
50-60 meters with the latest diving equipment.
would be quiet difficult to define the beauties of underwater
world to someone who has never experienced such a glamorous
Swaying of groupers to the depths after being aware that foreigners
have been watching them, camouflaging of octopus with the
help of sea stones and shells, looking of angry-faced muren
fish to the visitors, red mullet stirring the sand with the
mustache, lovely gilt head breams wandering around with the
whole family and relatives, rabbit fish, large bonitos and
barracuda fish have all been very difficult to describe. In
order to bring out the above mentioned beauties to the attention
of other people water-resistant underwater cameras and video-cameras
have been invented.
become an underwater photographer, one should be able to swim
first and then become a scuba diver (One star diver certificate
given by World Underwater Federation) in order to have a good
buoyancy under the water. In Turkey, certificate for diving
is given by sports clubs under the authority of Turkey Underwater
Sports, Rescue and Water-ski Federation. Federation in Turkey
works in collaboration with the system in France (CMAS-Confederation
Mondiale des Activities Subaquatiques). Other establishments
that have no connection with the above mentioned system are
PADI, NAUI, BARACUDA, SSI, etc. To become an underwater photographer,
one should be able to swim first and then become a scuba diver
(One star diver certificate given by World Underwater Federation)
in order to have a good buoyancy under the water. In Turkey,
certificate for diving is given by sports clubs under the authority
of Turkey Underwater Sports, Rescue and Water-ski Federation.
Federation in Turkey works in collaboration with the system
in France (CMAS-Confederation Mondiale des Activities Subaquatiques).
Other establishments that have no connection with the above
mentioned system are PADI, NAUI, BARACUDA, SSI, etc.
requires time and patience to capture nice photographs. The
photographer has to balance his/her body weight and capture
the scenes reflecting the whole theme. Think of a fish swimming
away from you and in the meantime you're trying to keep your
buoyancy against powerful a stream. Strong flashes should be
used because red color disappeares by the first 5 meters. As
the depth increases other colors also disappear. After 31 meters
all colors turn gray. If you hold light to a subject, true colors
take the place of the gray color. So you can come to a conclusion
that you cannot take the photograph of a subject before you
see the real color of it.
In Turkey, there are only
a limited number of underwater photographers. Among them are Ferda
BÜYÜKBAYKAL, Tahsin CEYLAN, Erhan ÖZTÜRK, Ateş EVİRGEN, Engin AYGÜN,
Ozan ÇOKDEĞER and Cem BOYNER.
In Turkey, underwater photography
is advancing slowly due to the expensive equipment used. The price
of an average set of photography equipments starts from 1500 US
dollars. Underwater photography equipment with different trade marks
and models are available on the market such as NIKONOS V, SEA&SEA,
bodies and lenses of these cameras are water resistant. They
can stand against 5.5 atmospheric pressure (45 meters depth)
and have strong flashes on them. Besides, there are models kept
in housings made from acralite or aluminum. The superiority
of SEA & SEA models above other models is that it can carry
16mm or macro lenses on 35mm lenses.
They can easily switch to close-up mode. In contrast, NIKONOS
V has no ability to change lenses in the water SEA&SEA cameras
have different models on the market. For beginners MX5 is
suggested. Advanced models like MX, MM IIEX are for professionals.
The advantage of cameras used with housings is their zooming
property. They are for professionals. Inevitably, having a
good or a professional camera always doesn't mean professional
Hoping to meet you in the depths of water one day,